Why do I struggle to speak clearly (& what can I do about it)?

Speak clearly with these tips

We struggle to speak clearly due to reasons like anxiety, stress, lack of clarity, vocabulary, and a few more. There are moments in all our lives when words go amiss and we stumble upon misunderstandings. But if these moments become too frequent, there is definitely scope for improvement. As they say, “Life is a growth concept, not a comfort concept.” All of the above reasons are absolutely reversible or can be improved on. But why is it so important that we speak clearly?

Why do we need to speak clearly?

Communication is the heartbeat of human interaction, essential for a multitude of reasons that shape our personal and professional lives.

Communication forms the foundation of human relationships. It enables us to connect, share experiences, and build meaningful bonds with friends, family, and colleagues. Effective communication allows us to articulate our feelings, aspirations, and opinions, fostering understanding and empathy. It is how we share knowledge, information, and expertise.

In the professional realm, communication is the linchpin of teamwork. It ensures everyone is on the same page, contributing ideas, and working toward shared goals. Expressing thoughts and listening to others’ perspectives fosters personal growth. Constructive feedback and insights from communication contribute to self-improvement. Effective leaders are extremely skilled communicators. In an ever-changing world, communication is what helps us adapt. 

It is quite literally the cornerstone of human interaction, yet many of us find ourselves struggling to speak clearly. Whether it’s in a professional setting, during social interactions, or even in everyday conversations, unclear speech can hinder effective communication. In this blog post, we’ll explore some of the reasons behind this struggle and provide actionable solutions to help you enhance your speaking clarity.

Reasons Behind Unclear Speech: (Why you might be struggling to speak clearly)

1. Lack of Confidence: Taming the Inner Butterflies

Confidence is the inner spark that ignites when you believe in your abilities, ideas, and worth. It’s like a sturdy bridge that connects your thoughts to your actions, enabling you to step forward with assurance. Confidence isn’t about being perfect; it’s about embracing imperfections and still shining. It’s the wind beneath your wings when facing challenges, empowering you to express yourself boldly, stand up for your beliefs, and navigate life’s twists and turns with resilience. Like a wellspring of positivity, confidence propels you to leap into new experiences, take risks, and unlock your full potential.

Picture this: You’re about to present your ideas to a group, and suddenly, your heart starts racing, your palms get sweaty, and your mind goes blank. Welcome to the world of lack of confidence, a prime culprit for unclear speech. When nerves and self-doubt take center stage, your words can get tangled like a knotted shoelace. Research shows that lack of self-confidence can affect speech fluency, causing stumbling and mumbling. But fear not! Just like a knight in shining armor, practice and self-assurance can rescue you. Keep reading till the end to find out the solutions to these problems.

2. Speech anxiety 

Speech anxiety isn’t merely a case of “butterflies in the stomach.” It can have profound effects on individuals’ lives. In educational settings, students might shy away from class presentations, missing out on valuable learning opportunities. In professional contexts, avoiding public speaking can limit career advancement. Personal relationships can also be affected, as the anxiety extends to everyday conversations and social interactions.

Understanding Speech Anxiety:

Imagine standing on a stage with an invisible curtain blocking your words from reaching the audience. That’s anxiety in action. Social anxiety or the fear of judgment casts a spell on your speech, making your thoughts stumble like clumsy actors. Research links anxiety to speech disruptions, making articulation a battle. This can make simple things like talking to new people or even eating in public feel really scary. 

Now, let’s talk about how anxiety affects your speech:

Speech anxiety is an overwhelming fear of public speaking that strikes even the most confident individuals. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 73% of the population experiences some form of glossophobia, or fear of public speaking, making speech anxiety incredibly common. Here are some of the main symptoms of Speech Anxiety:

  • The Shaky Voice: You know that shaky feeling in your voice when you’re nervous? That’s anxiety’s signature move! Your voice might quiver, and suddenly, it sounds shaky or wobbly. It’s a clear sign that anxiety is making you nervous.
  • The Whisper Mode: Ever felt like your voice disappeared in a group? That’s the quiet voice effect! Anxiety can make your voice sound softer than usual. And it’s not just about volume – even speaking clearly or facing a group can be tough.
  • The Dry Mouth Drama: Have you ever felt like your throat turned into a desert? Anxiety can do that! Your mouth might feel dry, and you might even worry about losing your voice. Some experts say it’s because anxiety messes with your nervous system and makes your mouth produce less saliva.
  • The Word Mix-Up: Anxiety loves to play mind games. Ever had trouble finding the right words or suddenly forgotten what you were saying? That’s anxiety in action! It can mess with your thoughts and make your speech stumble.
  • Stuttering: In some cases, anxiety can result in the development of a stutter. Stuttering itself is a distinct speech disorder, which can be worsened by anxiety. When overthinking occurs, sentences and word choices may become unclear and a significant stutter can be present. This in turn can result in increased feelings of embarrassment or shame. More than three million Americans (about one percent) stutter. Stuttering can affect individuals of all ages but occurs most frequently in young children.

So, that’s the scoop on how anxiety messes with your speech.

Root Causes:

Speech anxiety often stems from a mix of psychological, physiological, and environmental factors. One major contributor is the fear of judgment. People worry that their words might not measure up, leading to embarrassment or ridicule. This fear is intensified by the spotlight effect, where we believe others notice our perceived shortcomings more than they actually do. A lack of experience or preparation can also fuel anxiety, as individuals grapple with uncertainty about their ability to articulate effectively.

Can we Conquer Speech Anxiety: Speech anxiety might be common, but it’s not insurmountable. By understanding its roots, acknowledging its impact, and adopting effective strategies, individuals can navigate the waves of anxiety and emerge as confident and compelling communicators. The solution? Exposure therapy! Gradually facing anxiety-inducing situations, seeking support from friends or professionals, and reminding yourself that everyone fumbles sometimes can lift the curtain and let your clear voice shine.

  • Preparation: Adequate preparation is a lifeline against anxiety. Research the topic thoroughly, practice speaking aloud, and rehearse in front of a mirror or a trusted friend.
  • Breathing Techniques: Deep breathing calms nerves. Inhale deeply, hold, and exhale slowly. This simple technique can work wonders before and during a speech.
  • Visualize Success: Imagine yourself speaking confidently and engaging the audience. Visualization helps reframe anxiety into positive anticipation.
  • Practice and Exposure: Gradual exposure to public speaking situations can desensitize the fear over time. Start with smaller groups and work your way up.
  • Seek Support: Don’t hesitate to seek guidance from professionals or join public speaking clubs where you can practice in a supportive environment.

3. Poor Pronunciation: Tongue Twisters, Anyone?

Poor pronunciation refers to the incorrect articulation of words and sounds in spoken language. When someone has poor pronunciation, their speech may deviate from the accepted norms of their language, making it difficult for others to understand them accurately. Mispronunciations can range from subtle differences in vowel or consonant sounds to more noticeable errors that impact overall comprehension. It can lead to misunderstandings, confusion, and challenges in effective communication.

Someone speaking unclearly leaving others confused

Ever heard someone say “singing in the shower” and it sounded like “thinging in the thower”? That’s poor pronunciation playing tricks! Pronouncing words correctly is like doing a jigsaw puzzle—each piece needs to fit just right. Mispronunciations can muddle your message, leaving listeners scratching their heads. Here’s another example:

Original Phrase: “Big black bug bit a big black dog.” 

Mispronunciation: “Big black bug bit a big back bog.”

 But here’s the fun part: tongue twisters! Challenge yourself with tricky phrases like “She sells seashells by the seashore” to give your speech muscles a workout. 

4. Rapid Speech: Slow and Steady Wins the Clarity Race

Imagine a race car zooming around a track. Now imagine words racing through your mouth like that race car—uh-oh, did you catch any of it? Rapid speech is like a whirlwind, leaving words in a tizzy and listeners dizzied. Studies reveal that slowing down your speech not only helps you articulate better but also makes you sound more confident. Try adding pauses between sentences, like musical notes in a composition, and watch your words dance gracefully, instead of tripping over each other.

5. Limited Vocabulary: Time to Level Up!

Do you ever get the feeling that “ Ahh, I could’ve said that in a better way!” This is a very common problem a lot of people face, which is quite easily corrected. It is the problem of a limited vocabulary. A lot of times what we intend to say is lost in words that don’t correctly convey our message.

Ever played “synonym charades”? Using the same words repeatedly is like wearing the same outfit every day—it gets boring. Limited vocabulary might lead to substituting words with less accurate stand-ins, creating a language mix-up. However, it could have more serious consequences depending on your profession and responsibilities.

6. I Don’t know What to say!

It’s a scenario many of us can relate to: you’re in a conversation, and suddenly, your mind draws a blank. The answers you need seem to vanish into thin air, leaving you stumbling and struggling to express yourself clearly. This challenge, while common, can indeed create obstacles in effective communication. Let’s explore how this issue can pose problems and discover simple solutions to navigate this terrain.

The Problem:

Picture this: you’re in a group discussion, and a topic comes up that you’re not quite familiar with. As you attempt to contribute, you realize you’re grasping for the right words. The uncertainty causes hesitation, leading to fragmented speech and potentially leaving others confused about your point.

Impact on Communication:

When you’re unable to find the right words, your message might not convey your true intentions. This can lead to misunderstandings, misinterpretations, and a lack of clarity in your communication. You might even feel frustrated or embarrassed, further hindering your ability to express yourself effectively.

The Solution: Think Before You Speak, or Embrace Silence:

To tackle this challenge, consider these two strategies:

1. Think Before You Speak: Taking a moment to organize your thoughts can make a world of difference. Pause before responding and mentally structure what you want to say. This allows you to choose your words more deliberately and reduces the chances of stumbling.

2. Embrace Silence: Sometimes It’s perfectly okay not to speak if you’re unsure of what to say. Silence isn’t a void; it’s an opportunity. Use that moment to gather your thoughts, listen to others, and then contribute when you feel ready. Quality trumps quantity in communication.


Imagine you’re in a meeting and a colleague asks for your opinion on a complex matter. Instead of rushing to respond, you take a brief pause. You collect your thoughts, consider the key points you want to address, and then provide a clear and concise response. Your colleagues appreciate your thoughtful input, and your message is better understood.

What are the chances I have a  speech disorder? 

 If you ever have concerns about your speech, seeking professional guidance can provide reassurance and support. Speech disorders in adults are relatively uncommon, with approximately 7.5% of the adult population in the United States experiencing a communication disorder at some point in their lives. These disorders are often identified and addressed during childhood, and most adults have developed effective communication skills over time. If you’ve been engaging in conversations without significant difficulties, it is most likely that you are not suffering from a speech disorder. 

However, there is no harm in consulting a speech therapist if you feel the need to do so.

What is a well-spoken person?

A well-spoken person

A well-spoken person exhibits a mastery of language that goes beyond mere articulation, encompassing clarity, coherence, and consideration for their audience. Such an individual possesses the ability to convey complex ideas with simplicity and elegance, engaging listeners or readers effectively. They maintain a measured pace, employing appropriate pauses and intonations to emphasize key points. For instance, during a business presentation, a well-spoken person would effortlessly explain intricate concepts, address questions concisely, and adapt their language to suit both experts and novices in the room. Their speech is not only grammatically sound but also captures attention through a thoughtful choice of words, fostering a sense of credibility and respect among peers.

As dreamy as this might sound to you, let us make it a reality. Execution is the only way to success. As we provide you with actionable steps made so simple that they can be easily executed, you simply have to start applying.

So what skills do I need to speak clearly?

Speaking clearly is like having a superpower that everyone can understand and enjoy! To be a master at it, you’ll need a few cool skills.

Solutions to Enhance Speaking Clarity:

1. Practice, Practice, Practice: 

Like any skill, speaking clarity improves with practice. Think of practicing like exploring a vast map in a game. Engage in conversations with friends, family, or even yourself in front of a mirror. Record these interactions and listen back. It’s like reviewing your gameplay footage to spot areas for improvement. With each practice session, you’re gaining experience points in the art of clear speech, gradually unlocking new levels of fluency.

2. Speech Exercises: 

Imagine your mouth is a gym for your words. Just as athletes train their bodies, speech exercises train your mouth muscles. Tongue twisters are like challenging mini-games for your tongue and lips. They’re not just fun; they help your mouth become more nimble. Just like doing stretches before a workout, these exercises prepare your mouth for speech feats.

3. Speak Slowly and Pause: 

Consciously slow down your speech and incorporate pauses between sentences to allow listeners to process your words. Work on your rhythm. Just like a catchy song, a good speech has a nice flow. Pause a bit after important ideas, like giving your audience time to take a breath between verses. And don’t rush, or you might sound like a speedy squirrel! 

4. Your Voice Tone: 

Think of your voice tone as different costumes for your character. When you adjust your tone, it’s like changing into the right costume for the scene. If you’re telling a thrilling part of your story, use a tone that’s full of excitement. When explaining a serious topic, your tone can be like a detective solving a mystery. These tone shifts keep your audience engaged, like experiencing different game levels with unique atmospheres.

5. Expand Your Vocabulary: 

Regularly learn new words and their correct pronunciations. This will help you express ideas more precisely. Practice using words that are easy to grasp, so your listeners don’t need a dictionary. Imagine explaining your favorite video game to a friend – you wouldn’t use crazy hard words, right? Vocabulary plays a vital role in communication, enabling us to express our thoughts, emotions, and ideas accurately. 

Consider this scenario: instead of saying “exasperated,” someone might use “angry” to describe their feelings. While both words convey a sense of emotion, “exasperated” more precisely communicates the feeling of being frustrated or irritated. This highlights the importance of having a robust vocabulary to ensure that our messages are clear, nuanced, and aligned with our intentions. A strong vocabulary is a powerful tool that helps us communicate effectively and connect with others on a deeper level.

6. Visualization Techniques: 

Imagine you’re about to give a speech to a big audience. Close your eyes and picture yourself standing confidently, speaking clearly and everyone is hanging onto your every word. Visualizing success can trick your brain into feeling more at ease and prepared, making actual speaking situations feel smoother.

7. Breathing Techniques: 

Just like a superhero taking a deep breath before a mission, inhale slowly through your nose, letting your belly rise like a balloon. Then, exhale through your mouth, releasing any tension. Deep breaths provide your body with oxygen, calming your nerves and steadying your voice. It’s like filling up your lung power gauge before speaking!

8. Public Speaking Courses:

Enrolling in a public speaking course is like joining a guild of speech adventurers. You’ll learn tricks from experienced mentors, practice exciting challenges, and level up your communication skills. Just as a knight hones their sword skills, you’ll refine your ability to convey ideas with confidence and clarity.

9. Feedback and Recording:

Think of this as a fun game where you’re the main character. Record yourself speaking on your phone or camera, then play it back. Notice how your voice sounds, your facial expressions, and your body language. It’s like being the hero and the director of your own speech movie.

10. Articulation Practice:

 Imagine your mouth is a musical instrument. Practice speaking clearly by overemphasizing each sound. Pretend you’re a robot learning to talk, making sure each word is distinct and crisp. Just like a musician perfects each note, you’re perfecting each word.

11. Mindfulness and Relaxation: 

Picture yourself in a peaceful oasis. Mindfulness and relaxation techniques are like magical spells that can banish anxiety. Close your eyes, take deep breaths, and focus on the present moment. Just as a wizard stays calm in the face of danger, you’ll stay composed in speaking situations.

12. Use of Mirrors: 

Stand in front of a mirror and become the star of your own talk show. Watch how your lips and facial expressions move as you speak. It’s like rehearsing for a big performance. This visual feedback helps you align your words and gestures for maximum impact.

13. Seek Professional Help: 

Imagine you’re on a quest and need a mentor’s guidance. A speech therapist is like your trusty guide, tailoring exercises to your unique needs. They’ll help you unlock new speech abilities and conquer challenges that might be holding you back.


Remember, just like training in a video game, each technique is a step toward becoming a master of clear and confident speech. Embrace these techniques, and soon you’ll be wielding the power of communication like a true champion! These steps can be a lot to remember we understand, which is why the last step is to seek professional help. You are not alone in this journey! 

If you wish to seek help and wield the power of communication and public speaking, you can reach out to us.

Enroll in our transformative
1:1 Coaching Program

Schedule a call with our expert communication coach to know if this program would be the right fit for you

Scroll to Top

Kindly drop your contact details so that we can arrange call back